Overall most people tend to learn better this way rather than trying to learn all Excel formulas at the same time as this can be very confusing. Most of us tend to learn in smaller packages of information and you should look for a course of instruction that will allow you to do this. As you are learning to use Excel you should of course start by learning to use the formulas that you are actually using or are likely to have need of in the immediate future.
The regular payments you have so far found will form the core of your household budget. You can now turn those into a formal list, either on paper or on a spreadsheet, and put the amounts into the next column, with a heading notifying the month. Before moving on to the next phase, add a further 11 columns on the paper or spreadsheet, with the headings changed to appropriate months until you have a column for each calendar month for a year. I have prepared an example budget spreadsheet to help you.